The Alkaline Earth Metals

The alkaline earth metals are found in the second group of the Periodic Table (IIA).



As their name suggests, they are metals, so they possess properties common to all metals, such as malleability, ductility and conductivity. Overall though, they are less metallic in nature than the alkali metals, as metallic character decreases as you go left to right across the Periodic Table. The alkaline earth metals are also highly reactive, the heavier metals such as Ca, Sr, Ba, and Ra being almost as reactive as their alkali metal neighbors. The alkaline earth metals have two valence electrons and form the +2 ion.